Grotius, Hugo

Grotius, Hugo
Dutch philosopher of law. Grotius is the father of modern international law, and developed many of the building blocks for subsequent attempts to establish an international order. Born in Delft, he lived through the Thirty Years' War, and in 1625 wrote his masterpiece The Laws of War and Peace (De Jure Belli ac Pacis ) after escaping from prison to France. Grotius is a defender of natural law theory, but law as founded on reason rather than on a divine order: ‘natural law is so immutable that it cannot be changed by God himself’ (see Euthyphro dilemma ). Grotius converted the actual fact of self-interest and self-preservation into the foundation of morals, a natural right whose service provided the rationale for civil society. In this he was immensely influential on 17th-century political theory, and especially Hobbes . The foundation of relations between the states are that pacta sunt servanda (treaties are to be respected). From this, his Stoic respect for reason, and his experience as a diplomat, Grotius derived a substantial body of precepts and principles. Like Descartes, he caught pneumonia at the court of Kristina Wasa, and died on the way back to Holland.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Grotius, Hugo — orig. Huigh de Groot born April 10, 1583, Delft, Neth. died Aug. 28, 1645, Rostock, Mecklinburg Schwerin Dutch jurist, humanist, and poet. He enrolled at Leiden University at age 11 and as a teenager accompanied Johan van Oldenbarnevelt on a… …   Universalium

  • Grotius, Hugo — (1583–1645)    Philosopher and Jurist.    Grotius had a legal training at the University of Leyden. He served in various political positions and in 1613 he became Pensionary of Rotterdam. As an Arminian, he supported Oldenbarnevelt against the… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • GROTIUS, Hugo — (1583–1645)    Theologian and jurist. Later known by his Latin name, already as a young boy in Delft, Hugo de Groot displayed his unusual intellectual gifts. He studied at Leiden Uni versityand earned his doctor’s degree in law at the University… …   Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands

  • Grotius,Hugo — Gro·ti·us (grōʹshē əs, shəs), Hugo. Originally Huig de Groot. 1583 1645. Dutch jurist, politician, and theologian whose major work Of the Law of War and Peace (1625) is considered the first comprehensive treatise on international law. * * * …   Universalium

  • GROTIUS, HUGO —    or HUIG VAN GROOT    a celebrated Dutch jurist and theologian, born at Delft; studied at Leyden under Scaliger, and displayed an extraordinary precocity in learning; won the patronage of Henri IV. while on an embassy to France; practised at… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • GROTIUS, Hugo — (1583 1645)    Dutch theologian and jurist who pioneered BIBLICAL CRITICISM and religious liberty. His greatest theological work was his De Veritate Religionis Christianae (1622) which was intended as an handbook for MISSIONARIES to refute all… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Гроций, Гуго де Гроот (Grotius, Hugo de Groot) — (1583—1645), голландский юрист, социолог и государственный деятель, один из основоположников теории естественного права и науки международного права. Основные труды по — «Свободное море» (1609) и «О праве войны и мира» (1625) …   Большой Энциклопедический словарь

  • Grotius — Grotius, Hugo …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Hugo Grotius — – Portrait von Michiel Jansz van Mierevelt, 1631 Hugo Grotius, niederländisch Huigh oder Hugo de Groot (* 10. April 1583 in Delft (Niederlande); † 28. August …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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