just war

just war
The doctrine that a state may justly go to war for some restricted reasons, which are centrally those of self-defence, and the rescue of another state from an aggressor. Problems include deciding whether self-defence may be broadened from defence against actual attack to defence against threats, or against perceived threats, and whether it is permissible to make pre-emptive strikes. In addition to theorizing about when it is just to go to war (jus ad bellum ), just war theory embraces principles about the way war may be conducted (jus in bello ), generally ruling out gratuitous violence, assassinations, war against civilians, and so on, although grave difficulties confront any distinction between those parts of a population engaging in modern war, and those innocents whose work is irrelevant to it.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Just War — theory is a doctrine of military ethics of Roman philosophical and Catholic origin [http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/war/ The first philosophers of just war were Aristotle and Cicero, and the first theologians St. Augustine and St. Thomas… …   Wikipedia

  • just war — As widely used, a term referring to any war between states that meets generally accepted international criteria of justification. The concept of just war invokes both political and theological ideology, as it promotes a peaceful resolution and… …   Law dictionary

  • just war — ▪ international law       notion that the resort to armed force (jus ad bellum) is justified under certain conditions; also, the notion that the use of such force (jus in bello) should be limited in certain ways. Just war is a Western concept and …   Universalium

  • just war —    The tradition dating back to classical and medieval literature that in certain cases it is ethically right to wage war and would be ethically wrong not so to do. Initially a Christian tradition dating back to the conversion of Emperor… …   Glossary of UK Government and Politics

  • just war — war that is supported by the citizens of a nation because the opponent is clearly wrong or evil …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Just War (Doctor Who) — Doctorwhobook title=Just War series=Virgin New Adventures number=46 featuring=Seventh Doctor Benny, Chris, Roz writer=Lance Parkin publisher=Virgin Books isbn=ISBN 0 426 20463 8 set between= pages=272 date=January 1996 preceding=… …   Wikipedia

  • just war theory — Set of conditions under which a resort to war is morally legitimate (jus ad bellum); also, rules for the moral conduct of war (jus in bello). Among the proposed conditions for the just resort to war are that the cause be just (e.g., self defense… …   Universalium

  • just war — /dʒʌst ˈwɔ/ (say just waw) noun a war perceived as being ethically justified, in terms of its cause, purpose, rules under which it is conducted, etc.; in Christianity, especially in Roman Catholicism, such a concept has allowed the killing of the …  

  • just war —    See war, just …   Glossary of theological terms

  • just war — n. a war that is deemed to be morally or theologically justifiable Origin: translation of Latin ‘bellum justum’ …   Useful english dictionary

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