Contrast introduced by Nietzsche in The Birth of Tragedy (1872) between the spirit of order, rationality, and intellectual harmony, represented by Apollo, and the spirit of ecstatic, spontaneous will to life, represented by Dionysius. In later writings Apollo became, confusingly, more identified with Christian virtues, leaving a calm classicist such as Goethe oddly classified as a Dionysian figure.

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Apollonian — Apollonian/Dionysian …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Dionysian — See Apollonian/Dionysian …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Apollonian — [ap΄ə lō′nē ən] adj. 1. of, like, or having to do with Apollo 2. well ordered, rational, and serene: distinguished from DIONYSIAN …   English World dictionary

  • Dionysian — [dī΄ənish′ən; dī΄ənis′ē ən, dī΄əniz′ē ən] adj. 1. Dionysiac 2. of the orgiastic nature of the Dionysia; wild, frenzied, and sensuous: distinguished from APOLLONIAN 3. of any of several historical figures named Dionysus …   English World dictionary

  • Apollonian and Dionysian — The Apollonian and Dionysian is a philosophical and literary concept, or dichotomy, based on certain features of ancient Greek mythology. Several Western philosophical and literary figures have invoked this dichotomy in critical and creative… …   Wikipedia

  • Apollonian — /ap euh loh nee euhn/, adj. 1. pertaining to the cult of Apollo. 2. (l.c.) serene, calm, or well balanced; poised and disciplined. 3. (l.c.) having the properties of or preferring classic beauty. Cf. Dionysian (def. 2). [1655 65; < Gk… …   Universalium

  • Dionysian — /duy euh nish euhn, nis ee euhn, nuy see /, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or honoring Dionysus or Bacchus. 2. recklessly uninhibited; unrestrained; undisciplined; frenzied; orgiastic. [1600 10; DIONYS(US) + IAN] * * * ▪ characteristic… …   Universalium

  • Apollonian — adjective Date: 1663 1. of, relating to, or resembling the god Apollo 2. harmonious, measured, ordered, or balanced in character compare Dionysian …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Dionysian — adjective Date: 1607 1. a. of or relating to Dionysius b. of or relating to the theological writings once mistakenly attributed to Dionysius the Areopagite 2. a. devoted to the worship of Dionysus …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • dionysian — adjective wild, irrational, and undisciplined Ant: apollonian …   Wiktionary

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