Bradley, Francis Herbert

Bradley, Francis Herbert
British absolute idealist . Educated at Oxford, Bradley was awarded a Fellowship at Merton College that gave him complete leisure for his studies and writing: it is said that he only visited Oxford during the vacations. He was the major British absolute idealist, owing much to the influence at Oxford of Green . His Ethical Studies (1876) is a polemical and fertile attack on utilitarianism, largely on the grounds that the self-sufficient individual that it requires does not exist: individuals gain their identities only through community, and to realize oneself is to contribute to social and other ideals. Bradley's logic was similarly an attack on the basis of empiricism in the atomistic relation of experiences and thoughts to things, which he rejected in favour of an acquaintance with general properties and universals. The metaphysical picture to which this leads is one that celebrates unity and wholeness as attributes of the real, with anything partial and dependent upon division, in the way that thought is, regarded by contrast as flawed and contradictory. Truth as formulated in language is always partial, and dependent upon categories that themselves are inadequate to the harmonious whole. Nevertheless these self-contradictory elements somehow contribute to the harmonious whole, or Absolute, lying beyond categorization. Although absolute idealism maintains few adherents today, Bradley's general dissent from empiricism, his holism, and the brilliance and style of his writing continue to make him the most interesting of the late 19th century writers influenced by Hegel . His battles with the new realism of Russell and Moore, and the complex relationship he had with pragmatism, mark a major crux in the history of philosophy. His major works include Ethical Studies (1876), Principles of Logic (1883), and Appearance and Reality (1893). Collections of his essays include Essays in Truth and Reality (1914) and Collected Essays (1935).

Philosophy dictionary. . 2011.

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  • Bradley,Francis Herbert — Brad·ley (brădʹlē), Francis Herbert. 1846 1924. British philosopher who was influenced by Hegel and who defended the idealist view that reality is experience in its totality. * * * …   Universalium

  • Bradley, Francis Herbert — ► (1846 1924) Filósofo idealista neohegeliano inglés. Expuso su sistema en Apariencia y realidad y Ensayos sobre la verdad y la realidad …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BRADLEY, Francis Herbert — (1846 1924)    English philosopher and advocate of ABSOLUTE IDEALISM who opposed UTILITARIANISM. His book Appearance and Reality (1893) has been described as the most original English work on METAPHYSICS in the nineteenth century …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Bradley, Francis Herbert — (b. 1846)    Philosopher. The Presuppositions of Critical History (1874), Ethical Studies (1876), The Principles of Logic (1883), and Appearance and Reality (1893) …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Francis Herbert Bradley — (* 30. Januar 1846 in Clapham; † 18. September 1924 in Oxford[1]) war ein englischer Philosoph und bedeutender Vertreter des Britischen Idealismus …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Francis Herbert Bradley — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Francis Herbert Bradley (1846 1924), filósofo inglés exponente del idealismo absoluto, un sistema que concibe el conjunto de la realidad como producto de la mente y no como algo percibido por los sentidos. Su… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Francis Herbert Bradley — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bradley. Le philosophe anglais Francis Herbert Bradley naquit le 30 janvier 1846 à Clapham (Surrey) et mourut à Oxford le 18 septembre 1924. Il est, avec Bernard Bosanquet et Josiah Royce, le principal… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Брэдли Френсис Герберт / Bradley Francis Herbert — (1846 1924). Брэдли подчеркивал важность для каждого человека сначала обрести себя как единое целое и затем, через собственный опыт, найти свое место в мире полностью гармонизированных отношений с бесконечным, непротиворечивым Абсолютом …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • Bradley — Bradley, Francis Herbert …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Bradley — Bradley, Francis Herbert Bradley, James * * * (as used in expressions) Bradley, Bill William Warren Bradley Bradley, F(rancis) H(erbert) Bradley, Omar N(elson) Bradley, Thomas …   Enciclopedia Universal

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